Moon phase gardening is a holistic approach to growing plants by the organic method. The belief of planting in accordance with the phases of moon is an ancient system of agriculture. It follows that moon, in revolution around the earth, exerts an influence on the development of growing plants. As per the theory, moon phases follow a definite pattern by which the farmer can regulate its crop plantings, harvesting and maintenance. It states that each phase of the moon has a unique impact on plantations.
At the new moon, lunar gravity pulls up water which helps in balanced root and leaf growth. This is the best time for planting above ground crops that produce their seeds outside the fruit like lettuce, spinach, celery etc. In the second quarter, gravitational pull is less but moonlight is strong. This helps in leaf growth and plantations produced above ground but seeds inside fruit like melons, beans, peas, tomatoes etc. grow well. After the full moon, gravitational pull is high and moonlight is decreasing which provides energy to the roots. This time is favorable for root crops like carrots, onions, potatoes and peanuts. The fourth quarter is considered as the resting period and is best suited for pruning. Cultivation and harvesting are the favorable activities to be practiced in this phase.